In medical terms, “conservative therapy” covers all therapeutic measures apart from interventional or surgical procedures. In the context of pain management, this includes, for example, the large field of medication-based therapy, but also non-medication-based therapy (e.g. provision of an orthosis) and complementary medicine.
In principle, conservative therapy also includes physiotherapy, i.e. movement therapy, and psychotherapy. As these two forms of therapy are of particular significance in the context of chronic pain, they are listed separately and not included in the list below.