The aim of neurological diagnosis is to establish whether there is neural pain and whether special therapy needs to be initiated for it. Burning pain, electric shock-like pain attacks and pain upon touch may indicate neural pain. Neural pain may develop due to injury (herniated disc, surgery, accident, spinal cord injury), inflammation (multiple sclerosis, nerve inflammation, shingles) and other causes (polyneuropathy).
A wide range of investigation techniques may help to diagnose neural pain. Treatment of neural pain includes medication, pain plasters, interventions such as repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), and other procedures such as nerve blocks and nerve stimulation techniques.